Discuss in relation to two plays you have read
One of the key themes that Is predominant throughout Shakespearean works Is that of revenge, but more Importantly it is the outcomes that surround the mall characters due to their partaking In revengeful WAP that creates the lasting impression on the reader. Titus Androgenic Is a typical example of Shakespearean love of a good revenge tale. From the onset, its is evident that revenge in the from of murder is the chosen method. In Hamlet, this seems to also be the case as Prince Hamlet exacts revenge on his Uncle, for murdering his father.
The saying an eye for an eye springs to mind, yet as both plays progress it becomes shockingly obvious that one deed does not right the wrong committed by another. As Titus is believed to be Shakespearean first play, it may be seen that the sheer volume of revenge that this play exudes is due to the fact that Shakespeare may be trying to emulate the bloody and violent revenge plays of his contemporaries, due to their popularity In the sixteenth century. This Is evident from Act l, and becomes ever more apparent throughout.
It Is also not only Titus who sets out on his path of avenge but, as the play Is centered around him and his misfortunes It Is Titus’ story of deceit, revenge and also mental instability that we are forced to focus on. One of the key scenes in highlighting the element of revenge and Titus’ mental health is that of when Tamari presents herself to, in her opinion, the mental impaired Titus as revenge: ‘l am revenge; sent from the infernal kingdom/ To ease the gnawing vulture of thy mind/ By working wrathful vengeance on thy foes’ The use of the word Wrathful’ in this passage is the key element that highlights the revengeful nature of
Titus and his actions as evil. Yes, it may be said that due to the opening of this play, and Titus’ first vengeful action of killing Tamari’s son to right the murder of his own son In battle that in this case the revenge Titus seeks Is not evil, but as the play progresses It Is seen that a murder for a murder, In the end, results only In the mental disturbances of the characters Involved and also the final result of the death of many which no true light at the end of the tunnel. Furthermore, the fact that Tamari’s sons present themselves as rape and murder, suggests that the elements re nothing but pure evil.
It is left to the readers own thoughts and opinions as to whether Titus has actually gone mad, and in this sense believes the Goths to be who they say they are. On a second reading of the piece, it can be highlighted that it is actually apparent from the onset that Titus knows them not as revenge, rape and murder but as Tamari and her sons for he insists that ‘.. When thy car is loaded with their heads/ I will dismount, and by the wagon wheel/Trot, Eke a servile footman,all day long,’ showing that he is double bluffing Tamari to ensure the death whom he sizes revenge on, Demerits and Chicory.
Although once again, this highlights the truth regarding revenge and the fact that In this case, It has progressed from being a mans actions towards his Father In the name on honor, to purely evil on Titus’ behalf. For During the play, revenge and the need for revenging the honor of ones which he first set out to complete. This is also the case is Hamlet, as it is in the name of the honor of his father that forces him to complete the vengeful act of killing his Uncle, but differently to Titus Hamlet rightly gains the thrown, where as Titus does not and gives the role out elsewhere.
In one way, this may highlight the evilness of Titus and at the same time show Hamlets revenge was purely for honor and therefore not wholly evil. Also, similarly to Titus, Hamlet portrays both true and feigned madness, which to Shakespeare seems to be his ideology of the outcomes of revenge. So it may be said that revenge, in its evilest form drives the taker into pure madness, even though at first they may have been acting, the madness will surely and wholly creep up them. Therefore, it may be seen that revenge devours everything in its path, including the human mind.
Hamlet is Shakespearean longest play, and one of the most popular in his lifetime. Furthermore Hamlet is the most filmed story ever, after Cinderella. What this may suggest is that, the lessons put forward by Shakespeare in this way, have touched the masses. The truth behind the act of revenge is seen, and therefore the saying ‘an eye for an eye’ can be seen to be untrue, and that when one sets out on this vengeful path the only end will be the loss of ones own mind. This may be why most plays surrounded the key theme of revenge, not only include the loss of control over ones mind but also an element of the supernatural.
In Hamlet this can be seen by the Ghost of King Hamlet but as it is only Hamlet who actually hears what he has to say, the link between the loss of ones state of mind and the supernatural element is a very tight one, for the question in Hamlet is this: Does the ghost of king Hamlet truly exist or is it purely Hamlets need for an answer, and more importantly the need to eight his fathers name and therefore his Family honor that drives him to not only see and hear what the ghost has to say, but more importantly to hear the murder and therefore seek revenge.
It is this supernatural element also, that portrays revenge as purely evil, for in Shakespearean time, the supernatural and the other world was feared by many. This therefore may suggest that this is Shakespearean own personal way of showing revenge as an evil action, for in both plays also, the outcome of the revengeful actions is never a good one.
Furthermore, as Hamlet remains uncertain whether the Ghost of his father has told him the truth, the arrival of a troupe of actors at Elisions presents him with a solution. As he sets out to have them stage a play, ‘The Murder of Gonad, Hamlet hopes that by re-enacting his father’s murder he will therefore determine Classis’s guilt or innocence by studying his reaction. The court assembles to watch the play and Hamlet provides an agitated running commentary throughout.
Finally, when the murder scene is presented, Claudia abruptly rises and leaves the room, which in Hamlets mind, which as we know may e faulted by a slowly rising insanity, proves his Uncles guilt and therefore highlights to Hamlet that it was in fact he whom killed his father and therefore allows Hamlet to believe the Ghost and therefore take revenge on his uncle to restore the honor of his farther. As Titus takes ideas regarding the rape from Ovoid’s ‘Philomena’, but more importantly in Titus, it takes ideas from Philomena on how not to get caught.
For in Ovoid’s Philomena she is raped and her tongue is cut out, but she manages to weave her story into a Tapestry. Therefore, in Titus Demerits and Chicory, persuaded by Aaron, rape Laving and cut off not only her tongue but also both of her hands as to stop the tale of Philomena from repeating itself. The way in which she does reveal the name of her attackers differs, for him the play she holds a stick between her stumps and carves the names into the dirt, whereas in the film version sticks have been taped to her hands.
The effectiveness of this can be argued, but either way the imitation used once again like the original results in her attackers being discovered. Also in Hamlet, t has been theorized that it may be based on the legend of Amulet, preserved by the thirteenth century chronicler Sax Grammatical in his Gestate Tantrum. Also Shakespeare may have drawn on an earlier Elizabethan play known today as Our- Hamlet. All in all, the use of such imitation highlights the ever more relevant theme of revenge and how this has been a topic, close to a writers heart for many centuries.
Furthermore, it is the ideology of becoming the perfect son, by righting the wrongs that have been acted towards ones father that seem to instigate revenge and Hereford in the long run, play a major part in the characters mental degradation into insanity. Therefore, after analyzing both Titus Androgenic and Hamlet it is apparent that the two plays focus not only on revenge itself but also the outcomes of partaking in the act of revenge. This can be seen through the use of insanity, and also the element of the supernatural.
It is more importantly through the use of mental degeneration and the supernatural that is becomes apparent that for Shakespeare in particular revenge is always purely evil. For even if the revenge begins in the name of honor, it mess to overpower the partaker and therefore result in not only the mental degeneration and therefore slow demise into insanity, but it also effects the partakers families and loved ones, for example in Hamlet, even though it begins as the simple revenge against his fathers supposed killer, it does not stop here and slowly escalates to involve people as an entirety.
This is also apparent in Titus Androgenic, as once again, he sets out to avenge the death of his own sons by killing Tamari’s eldest son, but then as both Titus and Tamari are engaging in a never ending cycle of revenge Titus can be seen and also believed to be steadily deteriorating into a mind set of insanity.
Although once Tamari tries to play on this and gain her revenge Titus shows the reader that he in fact had planned it all in order to kill her remaining two sons and feed them to her in a pie. Therefore, revenge can be seen to be evil and nothing more. Even if in the beginning one believes the revenge to be necessary in order to avenge ones fathers/families honor the cycle will once and for all take every part of you, from mind to body to soul.