The Inner Struggle for Revenge
Shall thus by this be avenged or revealed” (3. 7. 45-8). And Just as his wife had done, while time goes on, still Heroin sees no evidence or reason for Hortatory death. Even though Heroin pleads with God for the sanctuary of Justice, waiting for a response, he never receives hat he considers a clear and concise reason. From this, Heroin essentially loses his faith and Christianity, believing that if there is a God, he is not one who is loving or listens and responds to the needs of His people.
There is a real internal struggle within Heroin, a sort of devil on one shoulder, angel on the other. This is evident when he speaks the line, “Vindictive Mimi! / Ay, heaven will be revenged of every ill, Nor will they suffer murder unimpaired” (3. 8. 1-3). Vindictive Mimi is translated Vengeance is mine,” Heroin defies the thought of leaving the revenge that he desires left to God, and in the next line encourages himself, “Strike, and strike home, where wrong is offered thee” (3. 8. 7).
Heroin follows through with the so-called “devil on the them that murdered my son. / Then will I rent and tear them thus and thus, / Shivering their limbs in pieces with my teeth” (3. 8. 121-23). As The Spanish Tragedy closes, it looks as if Heroin has allowed the act of revenge to consume him, in the way that a drug might. Even after successfully completing his goal to destroy the murderers of Horopito, which, Heroin has been chasing since the killing; he is still tot at peace with himself, or the loss of his child and wife.
The notion of attacking your opponent when he or she is most defenseless is a ploy which was often used in the writings of Renaissance drama. This is the scheme used not only by Heirloom, but also by Bell-lumpier. While she is not the main revenge in The Spanish Tragedy, she still is clearly a supporter to Heirloom: it is Bell-lumpier that provides the incentive that turns Heirloom from being Just a “malcontent”, if you will, into a furious and obsessed avenger. Bell-Imperial even goes as far as to reprimand Heroin for his procrastination: asking why has he neglected to avenge his son’s murder?
Heroin excuses himself, stating that he was previously unsure as to whether Bell-lamprey’s letter contained the truth. For him, Bell-lamprey’s desire for revenge now represents a sign from heaven: “all the saints do sit soliciting / For vengeance on those cursed murderers. ” He declares his resolve to exact revenge, and Bell-lumpier agrees to help him carry out his plot. She also takes full advantage of Blather and Lorenz by fooling them into believing she is innocent, simply for the act that she is a second class citizen, a woman, and therefore harmless and unintelligent.
She pretends to be stupid in order to deceive them. “Brother, you are become an orator/’ know not, l, by what experience/Too politic for me, past all compare, Since last I saw you; but content yourself, The prince is meditating higher things. ” (3. 82. 86) In this way, Bell-lumpier persuades both men to believe that she, as a traditional woman, could only be considered passive, and that she in fact is in no need of further imprisonment.
To some extent one might argue that she is an even ore successful revenge/avenger than Heroin, although the term successful is being used here, it does not necessarily imply that Bell-lumpier is more clever than that of Heroin. While Heroin and Andrea are perhaps the most obvious of characters for the desire of revenge, they are not the only ones to chase after revenge. Justice confirms this in saying, “… Revenge is a way of life. Andrea and Heroin are by no means the only characters who demand revenge.
Bell-lumpier asks, “But how can love find harbor in my breast,/Till I revenge the death of my beloved? ” (1. 64. 65) And the mother of the slain Horopito], Isabella, also vows “l will revenge myself upon this place/Where thus they murdered my beloved son” (4. 2. 4-5). Isabella committing suicide in the end stands as her only version of protest that she can offer her son, because she cannot confront the men, Blather and Lorenz: “Fruitless for ever may this garden be, / Barren the earth. Sadly enough, besides committing suicide in the honor of Horopito, Isabella is also attempting to prevent herself from ever giving birth to another child when she says “as I curse this tree from further fruit, / So shall my mob be cursed for his sake. ” So, in this way, it becomes apparent that nearly every main character in Thomas Kid’s The Spanish Tragedy is seeking only one thing, the most ironic; is the little we care or care to know about Heroin until the death; or murder rather, of Horopito, his son.
It is at this time that Heroin suddenly becomes a sort of main character within the play, and is thrust into the center of our audience’s attention. His personality becomes much more developed as we see him struggle over right and wrong, and between questions like whether to end his misery y suicide instead of waiting to seek revenge, much as his wife Isabella has chosen, and once he has decided to fulfill revenge-?how will he be able to do it in front of his enemies who could Just as easily terminate him if he screws up, by using their much greater influence and power at court?
In the article by Amazing Carla, he states, “It is no coincidence in this respect that Hieronymus own condition of psychic fragmentation is fully realized in the final act of the play, where he uses the theater to stage the death of his enemies. He there produces a second masque in which his enemies unwittingly reenact the sins of their sat and are literally killed. As many critics have noted, the plot and brutal murders in Solomon and Parsed mirror the crimes of Lorenz and Blather, who, in Act II, had conspired to kill Hieronymus son. Carla is reiterating how brilliant Heroin was in his scheme to kill the men who murdered his son, thus applauding his cunning over his revengeful tactics, which as many know, are against God’s Will. Steven Justice mentions in his article that “Christians are quite literally members of one Body, and must act as such, bearing with wrongs rather than revenging them. ” Can we say then, that Heroin is a true Christian still by the end of the play, when he has delivered his own version of Justice, rather than the Justice of God?
But then again, Justice also states that, “Hieronymus tragedy is not so much that of a man who makes the wrong choice as that of a man to whom the right choice is unavailable. ” In the end, it is Heroin who wittily forms a plan that will allow him to receive the justice he has long sought after for his son. Blather and Lorenz arrive, Just as Heroin is planning to put on a play for the King. The scheme is to use a play that
Heroin wrote in his youth, he asks Blather and Lorenz, his enemies and the men who murdered Horopito, to play the parts, Bell-lumpier will also be playing a character, but is aware of what will be occurring shortly. The plot of the play within the play, and it is Heroin who plays the Bash, Blather plays Solomon, and Lorenz acts as the knight, while Be-Imperial plays Parsed. The play that Heroin writes is about a knight (Lorenz) and his wife Parsed (Bell-lumpier), the Turkish emperor Solomon (Blather), and one of his Bash (Heroin).
Hoping to arrange marriage between Solomon and Parsed, the Bash kills the knight. In retribution, Parsed kills Solomon and then commits suicide. Blather thinks that this play that Heroin has written and is suggesting to put on for the King is too dark, and so suggests that they perform a comedy instead. Naturally, Heroin rejects the idea, because otherwise his evil plan to kill the murderers of his son will be devastated. Heroin also insists that each character should speak a different language in the play.
Blather doesn’t like the idea of it, believing that it will only cause confusion, UT ultimately Heroin tells him not to worry, that in the ending scene it will all be revealed with a little surprise, hint hint, Blather and Lorenz get knocked off. The King arrives with the Viceroy as well as the Duke of Castle. After the play has been was performed, and how real it seemed. Heroin then explains that it was not dramatic tricks but that he and Bell-lumpier actually did murder Blather and Lorenz.
Heroin shows the corpse of his son on stage to the wide-eyed and silent audience, more or less says that he has accomplished the revengeful scheme he name to provide, and then fast as a bullet runs off to hang himself before the King and his lot get old of him. However, Heroin does not get away, and the King and the Viceroy break the locked doors and rush to hold him. Heroin refuses to speak of why he did what he did, and so the King calls for men to come and torture Heroin, but very quickly, (and morbidly) bites out his own tongue in order to avoid talking.
One might ask what purpose would drive Heroin so far as to bite out his own tongue and refuse to give any explanation to the King and his attendants. It is very likely that by declining to talk, he is continuing the obsession he has with revenge over Hortatory death. Blather and Lorenz murdering Horopito, simply because he was Bell-lamprey’s next suitor after Andrea, caused both Heroin and Isabella tremendous pain and agony. Some critics suggest that by refusing to divulge the murder story behind the tragic play-within-a-play, Heroin then extends the same pain that he feels to the fathers and mothers of Blather and Lorenz.
Although this is not necessarily a fair thing to do, since the parents likely had nothing o do with their sons’ choice to kill Horopito, Heroin is selfishly only thinking of his own pain and how everyone else deserves to feel what he is feeling. After biting out his tongue, he stabs the Duke of Castle before committing suicide. Although the scene is short, it is likely to be considered the most powerful of all scenes in the entire play, even mores than “the play-within-a-play’, because the man that the English audience is rooting for, is about to die, either by the hands of the King or by his own.
Although there is a negative connotation associated with a character omitting suicide because of love, I think the scene should not have been a surprise to many who saw it. You cannot expect to go around murdering fellows without some kind of repercussion, but then again, that is exactly what Blather and Lorenz did, and they got away with it Just fine, due to their higher authority. The King and the Duke scream that regardless of his tongue being removed, Heroin can still write his explanation. Heroin gestures for a knife, since he can no longer speak; this of course being a dumb move on the Kings part.
After all the man Just murdered two people and bit out his tongue so you can’t get him to talk, what makes you think he won’t use the knife on you or on himself? So naturally, Heroin uses the knife that they give him, to stab both the Duke and himself. The King and the Viceroy exit, not really sure what else to do at that point. From then on, the audience’s attention focuses on the Ghost of Andrea, closing with his statements, Just as we opened the original play with The Ghost and his companion, Revenge. Andrea, after watching the scene that Just took place, as well as all the rest of the scenes in The Spanish
Tragedy, has finally decided that he can be at peace, because he is happy with the way that everything turned out, and happy to finally have the revenge he so desired. In the end, one must draw their own conclusions regarding the question of whether or not Justice has been fulfilled for not only Heroin, but Bell-lumpier, Isabella, and Andrea. What is the true difference between avenge and revenge? And, is revenge revenge have resolved their case in some way or another, they also have all died. Is there any revenge left to hand out? Perhaps it can only be left to the audience to decide.